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قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: إِنَّ اللهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فَرَضَ صِيَامَ رَمَضَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَسَنَنْتُ لَكُمْ قِيَامَهُ فَمَنْ صَامَهُ وَقَامَهُ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا خَرَجَ مِنْ ذُنُوبِهِ كَيَوْمَ وَلَدَتْهُ أُمُّهُ. (ن)
Rasūlullāh (sallallāhu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Indeed, Allāh Tabāraka wa Ta‘ālā prescribed the fast of Ramadān upon you, and I made it a sunnah for you to stand its night in ibādah (Tarāwih Salāh). Whoever fasts this month and stands its nights in ibādah (praying Tarāwih, Tahajjud, and the like) out of faith, hoping its reward from Allāh, he will be relieved from his sins as on the day his mother bore him.” (Sunan al-Nasāī)

The month of Ramaḍān is the sultan of the other 11 months. It is the month of the ummah. The beginning of Ramaḍān is Raḥmah, its middle is Maghfirah, and its end is earning liberation from Jahannam.

It is a month that is spent fasting during the days and performing Tarāwih Salāh during the nights.

Ramaḍān is the month of the Qur’ān. Therefore, anyone who can recite it must complete a Khatim (reading the entire Qur’ān) in this month. (Those who do not know how to recite the Qur’ān al-Karīm should make an effort to learn it using this month as an opportunity).

On the first night of Ramaḍān (The night joining the last day of Sha‘bān to the first day of Ramaḍān), a 2 rak‘ah of Shukr Salāh is offered to intend as follows: “O Rabb, as you blessed me with Ramaḍān.”

After Sūrah al-Fātihah, Sūrah al-Kawthar is recited in the first rak‘ah and Sūrah al-Ikhlās in the second.

After Salāh, 70 times Istighfār and 70 times Salawāt (Durūd) al-Sharīfah (preferably Munjiyyah) are recited. Then, personal du‘ā is made.

In the first ten days, Salāh al-Tasbīh and Khatim al-Anbiyā should be performed.

In the second ten days, again, Salāh al-Tasbīh and Khatim al-Anbiyā should be performed.

In the last ten days, Muslims should repent from sins by reciting Istighfār, perform Khatim al-Anbiyā, and Khatim al-Istighfār (to recite: 1001 times) by adding 7 Salawāt before and 7 or 70 Salawāt after it. Finally, du‘ā is made.

Du‘ās to recite before Iftar: ‘Allāhumma yā wāsi‘al maghfirat-ighfirlī’ once.

At the time of Iftar, recite: ‘Allāhumma laka sumtu, wa bika āmantu, wa ‘alayka tawakkaltu, wa ‘alā rizqika aftartu, wa sawma ghadin nawaytu’ and “Dhaba’z-zamau wabtallati’l-urūqu wa thabata’l-ajru inshā Allāhu Ta’ālā.”

(Du‘ās and ‘Ibādahs, Fazilet Publishing)

Sat, March 09, 2024 
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