“It is mustahab to give sadaqa/charity for the journey before and after the journey”
Journey / Travel Sadaqa
It is mustahab to give charity before traveling and after returning. There is road safety in this. In the hadith, 'Indeed charity extinguishes the Lord's anger and it protects against the evil death'. (Tirmidhi)."
It is mustahab (preferable) to give sadaqa for any of your needs.
Before going on a journey, pray two rak'ahs at home. It is stated in a hadith-i sharîf, "A person who wants to go on a journey cannot leave anything more virtuous than two rak'ahs of salah to his family and children." In the first rak'ah, he recites the surah Kafirun after surah Fatiha, and in the second, the surah Ikhlas after the surah Fatiha. It is mustahab to recite the surahs of Ayetu'l-kursi and Quraysh after the finishing the salah. Hadith: "Nothing that you dislike will hit you until you return to the person who recites the Ayatu'l-Kursi before leaving his house". By reciting the surah Quraysh, the one who sets out becomes safe from all kinds of evil. After the salah, he asks Allah (s.w.t.) for help with ikhlas and sincerity. (5 August 2013 Monday, Fazilet Calendar)
Since the prophet (s.a.w.) left Medina for the farewell pilgrimage on Thursday, it is mustahab to go on a journey on a Thursday.
It is mustahab to go on a journey on Monday, as the prophet (s.a.w) set out on Monday to emigrate to Medinah.
Should set off early in the morning. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "O Allah, bless my Ummah with the early morning hours." he made dua. When they were going to send soldiers somewhere, they would take them out early in the morning.
It is more appropriate to travel at the beginning of the Hijri month. A person came to the prophet (s.a.w.) in the last days of the month and said he would go on an expedition and said goodbye. The Messenger of Allah said: “Do you want your hand to be empty and your sales to be low? Be patient until the hijri month begins. Then choose either Thursday or Monday. Because Hz. Allah (s.w.t.) makes trade fertile and profitable.”
Rasûlullah Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam said: “When one of you intends to set out a journey, let him greet his fellow Muslim brothers (bidding them farewell and asking for their duas). Because they will bring blessings to his dua with their duas.” (Musned Abû Ya‘lâ)
Sha’bi (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrated: When the companions of Muhammad (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) met each other, they would do musafahah (handshake) and after returning from a journey, they would do mua’naqah (embrace). (Bayhaqi, Shu’ab Al-Iman)
When a person goes on a journey, especially when going on pilgrimage, when person say goodbye to his family, relatives, neighbours, siblings and asks them for prayers/dua. He greets with them and tries to please their hearts as much as he can so that they can pray with sincerity/ikhlas. Because Allah (s.w.t.) makes their dua/prayers good for him. It is mustahab for a musafir/traveller to seek advice from the people of charity.
Travellers, those who set off on a journey, entrust the rest of family left behind to Allah (s.w.t.)
Dua to Read in The Mornings When Leaving Home: ِ
“Bismillâhi tawakkaltu ‘alallâhi, lâ-hawla wa lâ-quwwata illâ-billâhi'l-‘aliyyi'l-‘athîm.”
Meaning: In the name of Allah, I put my trust on Allah. There is no power and no strength except with Allah, the most High, the mightiest.
Whenever possible, should try to find companions and travel with the community. There are religious and worldly benefits in this.
When he stops at a distance, "Wa qur Rabbi anzilnee munzalam mubaarakanw wa Anta khairul munzileen." (My Lord, let me land at a blessed landing place, and You are the best to accommodate [us].) (Surah Mu'minun, ayat 29)
On the way, he/she gets along with his friends and becomes smiling. Tries not to be a burden to others. He/she always tries to be have wudhu and to sleep with wudhu when possible. He does not miss the dhikr of Allah (s.w.t.) on his tongue and heart. On the way, he reads prayers/duas suitable for every situation.