Udhiyyah is one of the five animals (sheep, goat, cattle, camel and buffalo) which are offered as Sacrifice on the 10th, 11th and 12th days of Dhul-Hijjah in order to fulfil a Wâjib (incumbent) Ibâdah (Act of worship) and closeness to Allâh Ta`âlâ.
One who is in possession of the amount of Nisâb (80.18 gr of gold or its equivalent in money, or any other form of wealth), which is surplus to the basic necessities and debts, is obliged to practice Udhiyyah once a year. It is more virtuous to sacrifice the animal on the first day of Eid al-Adhâ.
THE EXCELLENCE OF UDHIYYAH (QURBANI)
Rasûlullâh Sallallâhu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:
“The Day of Nahr (10th of Dhul-Hijjah) is one of the greatest days with Allah.”
“Offer Sacrifice and treat the sacrificial animals gently. Indeed, if a person lays his sacrificial animal towards Qiblah and slaughters it, its blood and wool will be two fortresses to protect him on the Day of Qiyâmah. Verily, the blood of the animal will fall on the ground under the protection of Allah. You will achieve tremendous rewards with little spending (for Qurbani).”
“He who approaches his Qurbani (sacrificial animal) to sacrifice it on the day of Eid al-Adhâ will be approached by the Rahmah (Mercy) of Allâh Ta‘âlâ in Jannah. At the time of slaughter, Allah Ta‘âlâ forgives him with the first drop of the blood. Allah Ta‘âlâ will make that animal a ride for the person to travel from the grave to the plains of Mahshar, rewarding him as much as the skin and the fibre of the animal.”
It is recommended for those who have the means to offer a sacrifice, on behalf of Rasûlullâh (sallallâhu alayhi wa sallam) to earn his Shafâ‘ah (intercession) and the pleasure of Allah. Ta‘âlâ
Ali al-Murtadâ (karramallâhu wajhahû) used to offer two rams, one for himself and one for Nabî (sallallâhu alayhi wa sallam), saying “Rasûlullâh (sallallâhu alayhi wa sallam) bequeathed me to offer Udhiyyah for his beloved personality.”
The sacrifice offered for a newborn baby as a gratitude to Allâh (Ta`ala) is called Aqîqah. It is Mustahab (and Sunnah according to Al Aimmah Al-Thalathah). It can be performed any time after the birth of the child but more favourable on the seventh day.
After the birth on the seventh day, the child’s hair is trimmed. Sadaqah is given in gold or silver according to the weight of child`s hair and then a sacrifice is offered. One animal can be slaughtered for a boy or a girl. Some scholars say two animals are offered for a boy. Any animal that is suitable for Udhiyyah can also be used as Aqîqah.
The bones of the Aqîqah can be separated from the joints but kept unbroken, to represent good wishes for the child’s health and wellbeing. However, the bones can be broken as a sign of a wish to promote humility and protection from bad manners. Both actions are regarded as Mustahab (recommended).
The owner of the sacrifice (Aqîqah) is allowed to consume the meat. People can be fed with this meat. It can also be offered to others as a donation.